Chile, an OECD member since 1998, has adopted transfer pricing rules and has been actively working to bring its legislation in line with OECD standards. Their transfer pricing rules now conform to OECD Guidelines.
Circular No. 29, issued on June 14, 2013, explicitly references the OECD guidelines for transfer pricing methods, comparability analysis, and the definition of transfer prices. Article 41-E of the Chilean Income Tax Law (CITL), amended in 2020, forms the core of Chile’s transfer pricing regulations and enforces the arm’s length principle.
Chile’s definition of related parties, as established by Article 41-E of CITL and Circular 29/2013, encompasses various scenarios. It includes entities incorporated abroad participating in the management, control, or capital of Chilean companies, transactions among relatives, and dealings with entities in low-tax jurisdictions. The legislation explicitly applies to transactions between foreign and local entities.
As per CITL Article 41-E, Chilean taxpayers engaging in cross-border operations subject to transfer pricing regulations must submit a sworn statement annually. This statement includes information about operations with related and unrelated parties, methods for determining prices, and details about related parties domiciled abroad.
Chile maintains a blacklist of tax havens, with specific criteria for designating a territory or jurisdiction as a preferential tax regime. This includes tax rates, agreements for the exchange of tax information, adherence to OECD standards, and more. Preferential tax regimes have implications for reporting obligations, transfer pricing, thin capitalization, CFC rules, and withholding tax rates.
New Chilean statutes and regulations permit taxpayers to enter into APAs with tax authorities. Unilateral, bilateral, and multilateral agreements are possible, with a duration of three commercial years, renewable upon request.
Chile’s tax authority, SII, has a dedicated Transfer Pricing Unit conducting intensive tax audits. Based on CITL Article 41-E and recent reforms, taxpayers must provide information about operations with related parties above specific monetary thresholds.
Chile imposes transfer pricing documentation requirements based on the type of transactions, entity size, and CbCR obligations. Specific forms like Transfer Pricing Return, Global Sworn Return, Master File, and Local File must be submitted by eligible entities.
Value drivers for the relevant industry are identified, giving insight into the common profitability levels within the industry.
An assessment is made of the significant activities, responsibilities, tangible and intangible assets, and risks undertaken by related parties in the reviewed intercompany transactions.
Chile recognizes several transfer pricing methods, including the CUP method, resale price method, cost-plus method, transactional net margin method, profit split, and residual profit split. If none of these methods apply, and justification exists, other reasonable methods may be used.
Chile accepts both domestic and international comparables, including secret comparables used by the SII in some cases.
While inter-company legal agreements formalize relationships between group entities, their significance is reduced, aligning with the 2017 OECD Guidelines.
Companies listed on stock exchanges and financial institutions must disclose transactions between related parties in their financial statements.
Chile follows general record-keeping rules, and no specific regulations pertain to transfer pricing record-keeping.
Chile has established penalties for non-compliance with transfer pricing documentation requirements. Fines are imposed for failure to submit, late submission, or inaccuracies. Failure to prove arm’s length pricing may lead to adjustments and penalties. Extension of the submission deadline is possible but must be requested.