Brazil: Senate approves legislation on new Transfer Pricing framework

May 17, 20230

The Brazilian Federal Senate approved on May 10th, 2023, Bill of Law n. 8, which stems from Provisional Measure n. 1.152 (“MP 1.152/22“). 

The below changes were introduced following the approval of the Provisional Measure n. 1.152 (“MP 1.152/22“) by the Chamber of Deputies on the 30th of March, 2023: 

  • OECD’s Cost-Plus Markup, Resale Price Less Markup and Compared Uncontrolled Prices (preferred) methods will replace the previous mathematical Formulary Apportionments; 
  • Comparability and functional analysis are required; 
  • Intercompany transactions must be supported with a benchmark; 
  • Rulings, APAs, and MAPs would become part of the Brazilian system; 
  • Special chapter for financial and insurance transactions now in scope (currently controversial); 
  • The provisions related to the “secondary adjustment” are removed;  
  • Royalties to be paid to related parties in low-tax jurisdictions with special tax regimes, can be deducted if they follow the arm’s length principle; 
  • Hard-to-value (HTV) intangibles as well as DEMPE functions concepts are incorporated in the Brazilian TP system. 
  • Introduction of penalties for non-compliance. 
  • Value Chain Analysis required, taking into account the key value drivers, as well as the ownership of the intangibles and the relevant affiliates’ risk profiles. 

Key reasons for change

  • There was no direct reference to the Arm’s Length Principle; 
  • The related party definition extended beyond common ownership and control; 
  • Covered intercompany transactions included only the import and export of goods, services, and rights; 
  • Specific methods for the export and import of commodities and interest on intra-group loans were allowed; and 
  • Both transactional profit-based methods, transactional net margin, and profit split methods were excluded from consideration. 

New Penalties 

  • The MP Introduces specific Transfer Pricing penalties, with a minimum of BRL 20,000 and a maximum of BRL 5 million. 
  • Failure to timely file a return or similar obligation would incur a penalty of 0.2% of gross revenue per month; 
  • Filing inaccurate or incomplete information or omitting information would be subject to a penalty of 5% of the transaction value or 0.2% of the multinational group’s consolidated revenue; 
  • Filing a return that does not meet the statutory requirements for filing an ancillary obligation would be subject to a fine of 3% of gross revenue; 
  • Failure to timely submit information or documentation during an audit would be subject to a penalty of 5% of the value of the transaction. 

Effective date

Upon being subject to presidential sanction, the Bill of Law n. 8, resulting from MP 1.152/22 will be mandatory effective 1 January 2024. Companies do have the option of adopting the MP in already in 2023 or choosing the already existing rules. The normative instruction provides that the option to adopt the new Transfer Pricing rules for the calendar year 2023 must be formalized in the period from 1 September to 30 September 2023. 

For entities that begin operations or for a newly created legal entity that result from a merger or spin-off during the period from September to December 2023, the election must be formalized in the first month of activity. Conversely, for entities that cease activities during the period from January to August 2023, the election must be formalized in the closing month. 


Brazil has recently enacted Law 14,596/23, aligning its transfer pricing rules with the standards set by the OECD. These regulations aim to ensure fair taxation on international transactions between related entities, particularly impacting multinational corporations operating in Brazil. The law, approved by the Chamber of Deputies and Senate before being signed by the President on June 14, 2023, signifies Brazil’s commitment to modernizing its tax system. By adopting OECD-aligned transfer pricing rules, Brazil seeks to enhance transparency, attract foreign investment, and establish a level playing field for businesses in the country.

The publication of Law 14,596/23 in June 2023 marks a significant milestone for Brazil’s tax landscape. These new regulations bring several benefits, including a more predictable business environment, reduced compliance burdens for multinational corporations, and increased confidence among investors. By aligning with international standards, Brazil strengthens its position in global tax discussions and demonstrates its commitment to combating tax base erosion and profit shifting. The adoption of OECD-aligned transfer pricing rules underscores Brazil’s determination to foster economic growth and create a favorable tax environment that promotes both domestic and international business activities.

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Most Recent Update (July 2023):


The Brazilian Federal Revenue Agency, through the Secretaria Especial da Receita Federal do Brasil, has commenced a public consultation on the draft Normative Instruction that will govern the new transfer pricing system. The consultation, which started on July 3rd, 2023, aims to gather comments and suggestions from interested parties.  

Transfer pricing rules are utilized for fiscal purposes to allocate profits or losses among various entities of a multinational group. On December 28th, 2022, Provisional Measure No. 1.152 was enacted, significantly modifying Brazil’s transfer pricing rules. This measure has since been converted into Law No. 14.596 on June 14th, 2023. The new law explicitly incorporates the arm’s length principle into Brazil’s legal framework. This new regime will be mandatory starting in 2024, with the option for taxpayers to adopt it in 2023 to anticipate the effects of the new law. To adopt it in 2023, companies must communicate it by September 30th.  

The regulatory framework will be issued by the Secretaria Especial da Receita Federal do Brasil in the form of a Normative Instruction, which will be periodically updated to address additional practical guidance and clarification considerations. Currently, the agency is inviting comments and suggestions on the provisions of the draft Normative Instruction, aiming to establish guidelines for specific aspects of the new transfer pricing system.  


Author: Dimitrios Garantziotis, Junior Associate, TPA Global


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